HMGU is one of the important research centres for environment and health in Germany (employees more than 1500) with considerable facilities for experimental and data processing work. Chronic diseases which develop from the interaction of environmental factors and individual genetic disposition are investigated.
The Institute of Radiation Protection, under the vice-directorate of Dr Peter Jacob, is a well established institute dealing with all aspects of radiation protection for more than 30 years within Germany. It comprises around 120 scientific employees and is subdivided into 6 Working Groups. The Working Group Risk Analysis has 15 scientists. Research is focused on the analysis of risks of the population exposure resulting from radionuclides in the environment. The transport of radionuclides through the food chain and the effectiveness of exposure mitigating measures are studied. Radiation exposure which has occurred in the past is assessed retrospectively by means of EPR of teeth and by stimulated luminescence of mineral containing materials. The induction of cancer is analysed using biophysical and mathematical models of carcinogenesis for different types of radiation and dose rates.
The Working Group Risk Analysis has at disposal for the conduct of the project:
Laboratory space and equipment for sample preparation,·
X- and L-band EPR spectrometers,·
Secondary Standard Laboratory with radiation sources,·
software for deconvolution of EPR spectra and radiation dose determination, and·
software for calculation of dose conversion factors from absorbed dose in enamel to absorbed dose in air and to organ doses.·
Software and computing abilities for advanced simulation of radiation transport in the environment.